MacLean-Fogg manages multiple transitions
The global manufacturing company installed a G4 member as CEO in 2017 and plans to refresh its board. The family is also making changes in the family office and family foundation as it works to educate G5.
Although many people have encountered MacLean-Fogg Co.’s products, they probably haven’t noticed them, unless they’ve looked at the hardware that sits atop telephone poles or the parts inside car exhaust systems and transmissions, such as gear blanks and wheel nuts.
The company, built by the MacLean family over the past 94 years, now generates $1 billion in annual revenues. Its success attests to its ability to live up to its founder’s goal, as stated by Duncan MacLean, the president and CEO: “We solve customers’ problems for a fair price, on time.”
Today, the company, based in Mundelein, Ill., operates 23 factories all over the world that make engineered components for the electrical, telecom and automotive industries. MacLean-Fogg has two primary businesses: MacLean-Fogg Power Systems, which serves the electric utility, telecommunications and civil markets; and MacLean-Fogg Component Solutions, which serves the automotive, heavy truck and other industries.
As MacLean-Fogg’s leadership moves from the third generation to the fourth, the company is managing change on several fronts: in its leadership, its board, the shareholders, the family foundation and the family office.
“This company and this family are going through predictable but profound transitions in both leadership and governance,” says Rodney L. Goldstein, co-managing partner of Wealth Strategist Partners, a firm that manages wealth and advises large, complex families with substantial assets. He started informally advising the family almost a decade ago and joined the board several years ago.
Barry MacLean, 80, the sole third-generation member in the business (with the exception of his brother David, who serves on the board), remains as chairman but has turned over the president and CEO role to his son, Duncan, 47. Barry’s five children are becoming active shareholders: Liz Larned, 57; Margaret MacLean, 54, who recently left her position with the operating business; Duncan; Gillian Growdon, 45, who runs the family office as executive vice president of shareholder relations; and Adrian Jay, 43.
The transitions, some of which are still ongoing, have been taking place — with careful planning — over the past several years.
“A company doesn’t get to be 94 years old if you do things impulsively,” says Duncan.
The company was founded in 1925 by John A. MacLean, the great-grandfather of the current CEO and his siblings. He was followed as president by his son, John A. MacLean Jr., and, in 1972, his grandson Barry.
The company started out manufacturing nuts and bolts, primarily for railroad cars. (The “Fogg” in the company’s name recognizes Jack Fogg, an early employee who was key to the success of the business because of his connections in the railroad industry.) Over the years, MacLean-Fogg has expanded to make parts for automobile manufacturers and power companies.
Barry grew up with two older brothers, spending many Saturdays at the office with his father. He loved building things and tinkering; he recalls heating up lead to make lead soldiers and building a chicken coop with his oldest brother. “I had several businesses in high school and college and enjoyed working with my hands to solve problems and offer services in my community,” Barry says.
He graduated from Dartmouth College with a master’s degree, then came to work at the family business with his oldest brother, John A. MacLean III. They worked together for a year before his brother was killed in a plane crash. (David, the middle of the three sons, pursued a different career path and never worked for the company except as a director.)
Would his older brother have taken over the company if he had lived? “We very much enjoyed working together. We both liked building things, and we dreamt about growing the company,” Barry says. “We’ll never know who would have been in charge if he had lived.”
Barry gradually bought out the shares of his older brother’s family, as well as those of the middle brother, consolidating the ownership.
During the 1978-80 recession, the company saw its sales plunge, with business from the railroad industry shrinking by almost 90%. “Everybody took a hit financially, and we weathered the storm,” Barry says.
With the railroad business taking a while to recover, Barry focused on building the automotive business. He eventually sold the railroad part of the company and made an acquisition to start supplying the power industry. For a time in the mid-’90s, MacLean-Fogg also made products for the healthcare industry.
MacLean-Fogg’s 1986 acquisition of Reliable Power Products marked the company’s entry into the power business. That was a pivotal decision, Gillian says. “It diversified the business significantly and allowed us to ride through the cycles of the automotive business.”
Barry’s children remember the easy mixing of business and family as they were growing up.
“We really were a family business — customers and colleagues of my dad were always coming and going through our house,” says Adrian. “My mom had the ability at the drop of a hat to entertain people.” Barry’s wife, Mary Ann, died in 2016.
Adrian and her husband are co-founders of Random Acts of Flowers, a non-profit organization that delivers bouquets of recycled flowers to people in hospitals, assisted living facilities and hospitals. She has never worked full-time for the company but is very engaged as a shareholder, working with the MacLean Family Foundation and bringing her children from Tennessee on plant visits, for family assembly meetings and to the annual company Christmas party.
“We had this wonderful enterprise, but there wasn’t ever any pressure that this was your path,” Adrian says. “If you had another path, there was full enthusiasm and support.”
Duncan’s ascent to the role of president and CEO was the culmination of years of training at the company and with one of its partners.
“I started in quality control and learned what happens when something goes wrong with the manufacturing of complex parts,” Duncan says of his early jobs with MacLean-Fogg, during high school and college. He also worked in the maintenance department doing cleanup.
“These are the kinds of jobs that were hard at the time but have paid real dividends — all the guys know that I haven’t always had a desk job,” Duncan says.
Later he worked in the machine shop, which convinced him that he wanted to be an engineer.
Duncan joined the company full-time as a manufacturing engineer for MacLean Power Systems right after graduate school, in 1996. He was elected to the board in 1998. He points to two pivotal events in his career: his move to Germany from 1999 to 2003 and his management of the automotive side of the business through the 2008 recession.
MacLean-Fogg and a German company were partners in a U.S.-based joint venture, Metform. The German partner asked Duncan to work at a separate facility, Erich Neumayer GmbH. Duncan says that during those years he learned not only about another culture but also about other ways to do business. He also started a business there for MacLean-Fogg.
He became president of the auto side of MacLean-Fogg in 2008 and was immediately challenged by the recession. He managed the business very tightly and closed or sold five plants. Most of the production assets of the German business he had started were sold at this time.
“The recession made me the executive I am,” Duncan says. “It proved to our banks, the board and my father that I wasn’t just the son, I was a competent executive.”
Duncan notes that the recession also changed the culture of the company. “In 2009, we started to make really tough business decisions,” he says. “We installed modern thinking. That was critical for our success. The auto side doubled in size in the succeeding eight years.”
Duncan took over as president of all of MacLean-Fogg in 2015 and as CEO in 2017.
“This has been a natural evolution,” Goldstein says. “It’s been carefully guided, but it has worked in large measure because Barry determined that perpetuation of the business was a high calling, and because Duncan has great capability and terrific experience, as well.”
The transition means more than just a new family member as CEO.
“My dad is a real visionary — he grew this business from a small family business to what it is today,” says Adrian. “My brother has his own style and has proven to be an incredibly capable and innovative operator. It’s exciting to see not only the transition in leadership but also to see a different style.”
The transition to a new CEO is also leading, gradually, to a revamping of the board of directors.
Independent directors have served on MacLean-Fogg’s board for decades. Today, the board consists of four family members and seven independent directors.
“We have a lot of very intelligent people on the board that have had the best interests of our family at heart for many years,” Duncan says. “As we transition the board, we’re going to start thinking about the specific skillsets we need. We are no longer a mom-and-pop business — the problems we’re facing now weren’t conceivable many years ago.”
A governance committee, a subset of the board under Goldstein’s leadership formed in 2018, is looking at how the board’s composition may evolve. Committee members are considering the ideal size and mix of experience to support the new CEO and the company’s next chapters. The committee is building a bridge between the board and the shareholders, meeting twice a year with the next-generation shareholders, Barry’s children.
“That bridge hadn’t existed before for the non-operating shareholders,” Duncan says. “Now we are making sure the shareholders stay plugged into how the values of the family are playing out in the business, understand the risks of investments, and know the other duties of shareholders.”
Family governance transitions
The MacLean family office is also in transition, moving from primarily supporting Barry to now supporting all six shareholders, as well as other family members.
“Everything has grown in complexity from the way it has historically been managed,” Goldstein says.
The family office has existed for more than a decade. Until recently, it primarily supported Barry. In May 2016, Gillian took over the family office as part of the effort to expand it to serve the households of all six shareholders.
As executive vice president of shareholder relations and head of the family office, Gillian oversees family estate planning, tax planning, financial planning, shareholder education for the current generation of shareholders and the next, and family gatherings and retreats. She also oversees, in consultation with Barry, the family’s investments outside of MacLean-Fogg, in private equity and other small operating businesses.
The initial priorities for her office, as set by the family shareholders, were to kick off education of the next generation with a family assembly, increase communication and transparency, manage family-owned assets and offer help with tax compliance.
“The first thing was to get everyone together and tell them about our legacy, stewardship, and what the company does. We’d never actually done that,” says Gillian.
“Since then, we have learned more about what we call the ‘black boxes.’ How do the ownership trusts work? What other companies has Dad invested in? The family office started unpacking these, with an appropriate review with my dad, so we could make a decision and move along.”
A key part of this transition is separating the operating company and the family office.
“Duncan leads the operating company, and Gillian leads the family office,” Goldstein says. “We are going out of our way to separate the two so the board can be focused on operating matters, while also ensuring that there is consistent communication and transparency across the two.”
Along with the leadership changes have come changes in ownership. The company’s six shareholders are Barry and his five children. Although the fourth-generation siblings have long been shareholders, the majority of the voting shares have remained with Barry.
Barry is now transitioning the leadership and responsibility of being a shareholder to the fourth generation. No members of the fifth generation are shareholders yet, which is a future area of focus for the company.
The shareholders have made a formal decision that the perpetuation of the business under family ownership is a key objective — giving the board clear direction about the shareholders’ desires.
The MacLean Family Foundation is also going through changes, becoming a full grantmaking foundation. Adrian is president; Duncan’s wife, Brooke MacLean, is vice president; and Gillian is secretary. The foundation, the vehicle for the family’s giving, has long supported the Brookfield Zoo and other causes.
The family has faced challenges in making all these transitions work.
“Transitions have a way of testing relationships, and it takes hard work to actively care for them,” says Gillian. “We’re in the middle of that. We love each other, and we have a commitment to this business. It can be hard, though.”
One example: balancing the multiple roles the family members play at work and at home.
“At work, I’m a sister, I’m a daughter, I’m the head of the family office, I’m a shareholder,” Gillian says. “Each of us has many different roles. We all have to practice knowing the context of our conversations to play the right role at the right time.”
Looking to the future
While the transition to the fourth generation is under way, the family is looking ahead to future generational changes. There are 12 members of the fifth generation, ages 7 to 23. Two of them have participated in internships at the company. At family assemblies, the family has started teaching younger family members about legacy, stewardship and the values of the family in business and in life.
In addition to working with Goldstein, the family has engaged Renee Montoya Lado of Strategic Designs for Learning, who serves as a coach for the five fourth-generation siblings and their spouses. Elizabeth Kieff and Tom Levinson of LK Advisors designed the curriculum for the family’s annual assembly and provide coaching for the fifth generation.
It’s too early to identify a successor to Duncan, and family members are open to many options.
“We’ve made the decision that we want this business to exist for generations to come, so we will need to make difficult decisions,” says Duncan. “For example, will we always have a family member CEO?”
The company is investing in technology and “modern ways of thinking,” says Duncan. “It doesn’t mean what we’ve done in the past is wrong. My dad was a terrifically successful CEO by any measure. But if you stagnate, you kill the company. What worked in the past might not work in the future.”
Margaret Steen is a freelance writer based in Los Altos, Calif.
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